The following are some of the few laboratory tests available at Pleasant Valley Veterinary Care:
Complete Blood Count (CBC): A CBC measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in a sample of blood. The numbers of each type of cell give Dr. Weiner information to help him diagnose different diseases. If your pet is undergoing treatment for a condition, a complete blood count can help Dr. Weiner monitor how your pet is responding to the treatment.
Urinalysis (UA): Laboratory testing of your pet’s urine will help Dr. Weiner detect the presence of specific substances that normally do not appear in urine, including protein, sugar, white blood cells or blood. Measuring the dilution or concentration of urine can also help your veterinarian diagnose illness. Urinalysis can be helpful in diagnosing urinary-tract infections, diabetes, dehydration, kidney problems and other conditions.
Blood-Chemistry Panel: A blood-chemistry panel measures your pet’s electrolytes, enzymes, and chemical elements of his blood such as calcium and phosphorous levels. These measurements help your veterinarian determine how your pet’s organs, such as kidneys, pancreas and liver, are currently functioning. Blood-chemistry panels also help Dr. Weiner accurately diagnose and treat illness, as well as monitor your pet’s response to treatment. He may also use the results of a blood-chemistry panel to determine if further testing is needed. Dr. Weiner may recommend a chemistry panel to obtain your pet’s baseline values, which can be compared to later tests. Any differences between the baseline values and values measured at a later time will help him diagnose new problems.
Additional Blood Panels:
Identifying endocrine problems as early as possible is important in dogs and cats. These serious, potentially life-threatening conditions are much more manageable when caught early, allowing us to begin proper treatment.
The endocrine system is made up of a group of tissues (mostly glands) that release hormones into the bloodstream. These hormones regulate metabolism, growth, development, and reproduction and are dispersed to different areas of the body, depending on the hormone’s function. When a hormonal balance is disturbed (by a tumor or autoimmune disease, for instance), an endocrine disorder can develop. “Hyper” refers to an excess of hormone, and “hypo” refers to a deficiency in a hormone. Treatment varies depending on the disease.
There are several common endocrine disorders found in dogs and cats:
- Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency in or resistance to the hormone insulin.
- Hypothyroidism, which is often diagnosed in dogs, indicates that the animal has low levels of thyroid hormone.
- Hyperthyroidism, which frequently affects cats, indicates that the animal has high levels of thyroid hormones.
- Addison’s disease (hypoadrenocorticism) and Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism) can also affect both species, although Cushing’s disease is rare in cats.
Contact us if your pet begins panting excessively, develops any skin issues (such as hair loss or dull coat), or shows any changes in behavior, energy levels, appetite, weight, water consumption, or urination.